The Advanced Research Project was a scientific research project conducted by Daniel Joyce and his assistant Larna out of Berkeley.
In the 1980s, the Doctor helped Joyce avert a danger created by one of the experiments.
In 2001, Joyce and Larna used the temporal cicatrix in San Francisco to conduct experiments for the Project. By that time, they had been providing grants to the Society for several years.
The Eighth Doctor remembered being a Loomling in his family House listening to his father and his friends talking about wars and great projects. (PROSE: Unnatural History)
Ulysses, Penelope Gate, and Saldaamir studied the temporal cicatrix in the Shoal because it was useful for the project they were working on. During this time, they met Larna. When Marnal interrupted their work, they used his TARDIS' telepathic circuits to wipe his memory and deposited him on Earth in 1883 so he would not be able to jeopardise the project. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles)