Amnesia was the (usually temporary) loss of memory.
Instances of amnesia Edit
Amnesia could be a common side-effect of trauma regenerations, with symptoms ranging from uncertainty about names, (TV: Castrovalva, Time and the Rani) forgetting a skill they had mastered, (TV: The Time of the Doctor) or complete memory loss. (TV: Doctor Who)
The First Doctor and Susan Foreman suffered from partial amnesia when they arrived in 1963 London, apparently caused by challenging the Time Lord rule against interfering when they left Gallifrey. (PROSE: Time and Relative) According to another account, this memory loss occurred when the Doctor stole the TARDIS and it assaulted his mind. (PROSE: Echoes of Future Past)
The First Doctor, Ian Chesterton, Barbara Wright and Susan briefly suffered from amnesia after the TARDIS' fast return switch got stuck, which would have sent it back to the creation of a solar system and resulted in its destruction. The ship crashed itself in an attempt to warn its passengers of the dangers, and a small explosion occurred in the TARDIS as the Doctor tried to correct its faulty navigation circuits, rendering all four unconscious. (TV: The Edge of Destruction)
During the Third Doctor's exile on Earth, the Time Lords suppressed his knowledge of how the TARDIS worked as part of his punishment, (TV: The War Games) as well as some details of Earth's future history. (PROSE: The Devil Goblins from Neptune) They restored this knowledge when they lifted his exile. (TV: The Three Doctors)
Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart suffered from amnesia from 1977 to 1983 as a result of meeting his future self, unable to recall the Doctor or the Doctor's companions, until the Fifth Doctor reminded him. (TV: Mawdryn Undead)
The Sixth Doctor suffered from partial amnesia after being transported to Space Station Zenobia for his trial, unable to clearly recall his last couple of trips in the TARDIS or what had happened to his companion. (TV: The Mysterious Planet)
When Jeremy Fitzoliver accidently used the IRIS machine on himself, he caused serious mental damage to himself, leaving him totally amnesic and unable to even process new information, as well as being unable to be read by human telepaths, occasionally rambling about things he remembered from his association with UNIT only to forget them the next moment. Even after almost two decades, he never remembered anything more than that he had some association with the Brigadier and UNIT, even adopting the name 'John Doe' out of a lack of better ideas (PROSE: Instruments of Darkness).
Ace suffered from amnesia when the Seventh Doctor accidentally erased her memory while editing his own, but he was able to quickly undo it (PROSE: Timewyrm: Genesys), although he accidentally gave her one of Mel's memories in the process (PROSE: Timewyrm: Revelation).
The Panjistri supplied the Kirithons with zavát which, in addition to being their main food source, weakened their resistance to telepathic suggestion, allowing the Panjistri to suppress certain memories and even the Kirithons' awareness that they should have those memories in the first place. (PROSE: Timewyrm: Apocalypse)
The Time Scaphe crew lost their memories after their ship collided with the TARDIS, but regained them after Ace told them the name of their home world, Gallifrey. The TARDIS took the Doctor's memories to keep them safe from the Process, but later returned them to save itself from destruction. (PROSE: Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible)
The Seventh Doctor and the people who had consumed the essence of the Celestial Toymaker gave themselves electroshock therapy to suppress their memories of the Toymaker in an attempt to destroy him. (PROSE: The Magic Mousetrap)
On Erratoon, the robot constables punished lawbreakers by removing their memories. Ace suffered from this fate, and although the Seventh Doctor said he could restore her lost memories using the TARDIS, she wondered if there were some memories which she would never get back, knowing that if there were, she'd never know it. (AUDIO: The Prisoner's Dilemma)
The Eighth Doctor suffered from amnesia after falling into the Master's trap, requiring him to be guided by Rassilon to regain his memories by visiting and mentally linking with his previous seven selves. (PROSE: The Eight Doctors)
The Eighth Doctor, Charley Pollard and Gideon Crane suffered from amnesia after the TARDIS crashlanded in Malebolgia, the TARDIS's damaged telepathic circuits dividing the Doctor's mind between Gideon and "Zebediah Doe" and nearly erasing Charley's mind. (AUDIO: Minuet in Hell)
The Eighth Doctor suffered from amnesia after being forced to destroy Gallifrey. (PROSE: The Ancestor Cell) This was initially attributed to trauma, but was later established as the Doctor erasing his own memory to create room for him to store the compressed Matrix in his subconscious. (PROSE: The Gallifrey Chronicles)
Madeleine Fairweather suffered from amnesia from 15 January 1942 until shortly before her death on 1 January 2008, believing herself to be Charlotte Pollard as an unintended side-effect of the Doctor reprogramming the Cyber-Planner while it was linked to Madeline's mind. (AUDIO: The Girl Who Never Was)
The Ninth Doctor and Rose Tyler suffered from partial amnesia after being transported to Satellite Five, requiring a few moments to remember how they had arrived in their new positions. (TV: Bad Wolf)
In order to protect themselves from becoming the Hybrid, the Twelfth Doctor and Clara Oswald exposed themselves to a tool that would erase the memories one of them had of the other; this left the Doctor with all memory of Clara lost, and although he was able to piece together some details about her name and what they had done together, he was unable to recall what she looked like even when directly talking to Clara. (TV: Hell Bent)
After the Twelfth Doctor and Bill Potts returned to St Luke's University in the TARDIS, the Doctor decided to erase Bill's memories of the adventure to prevent her from telling anyone else who he actually was. At the last minute, though, he decided against it. (TV: The Pilot)