Assassination was a specialised form of murder, in which the victim was a prominent individual — often the leader of a government.
Known instances Edit
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, Bosnia triggered a series of events that rapidly escalated into Earth's first global conflict: World War I. Unknown to the general populace, however, the start of the war was influenced by the Nemesis. (TV: Silver Nemesis, TV: The Family of Blood)
Like World War I, World War VI was also sparked by an assassination. The assassination of Ingrid Bjarnsdottir, commissioner of the Icelandic Alliance, by the Peking Homunculus began a war between them and the Supreme Alliance of Eastern States led by Magnus Greel in the year 5000. (TV: The Talons of Weng-Chiang, PROSE: Doctor Who and the Talons of Weng-Chiang, AUDIO: The Butcher of Brisbane)
In an alternative timeline, Margaret Thatcher, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was assassinated by her fellow Conservative Party politician Heathcliffe Bower in 1984. However, the proper timeline was restored by the Fifth Doctor. (PROSE: The Assassin's Story)