Big Finish Productions is a British audio production company founded in 1996. Since 1999, it has produced numerous licensed Doctor Who audio dramas, audiobooks and prose stories, as well as a number of series set within the DWU.
Big Finish began in late 1998 with audio adaptations of novels featuring the Seventh Doctor's former companion Bernice Summerfield. It subsequently was licensed to produce authorised Doctor Who audio plays. Later, the company branched out into prose publishing, producing a long-running series of novels and short story anthologies featuring Summerfield, followed by its acquisition of the Short Trips line of Who-related short stories, previously published by BBC Books.
In 2002 they released a straight-to-DVD Doctor Who documentary interview with Paul McGann about his role of the Eighth Doctor called Big Finish Talks Back: Paul McGann.
The name of the company originates from an episode called The Big Finish? of children's TV programme Press Gang, written by Steven Moffat, who in 2010 became the showrunner of the Doctor Who TV series.
Product lines Edit
Doctor Who Edit
Big Finish began their Doctor Who range with a series of monthly full-cast dramas in four twenty five-minute episode format, mirroring the format commonly used by the original TV series. Releases featured the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and, from 2000 on, Eighth Doctors. In 2007, a separate monthly series of one-hour Eighth Doctor adventures was created that ran for four series, before being succeeded by boxset releases. The Eighth Doctor appeared very occasionally following this in the main range.
In 2012, following a box set of Lost Stories, Tom Baker returned to the role of the Fourth Doctor in a brand new series of Fourth Doctor Adventures, completing the set of surviving "Classic Who" Doctor actors. Unfortunately, by that time companion actors Elisabeth Sladen, Ian Marter and Nicholas Courtney were all deceased; Baker was able to record a season of stories with Mary Tamm before her death in 2012 but has primarily been paired with Louise Jameson.
As of 2015, Big Finish has been successful in recruiting every surviving classic-era companion actor to reprise their original roles save Jackie Lane. In addition, both "companion" actors from the 1996 TV movie, Daphne Ashbrook and Yee Jee Tso, have recorded several Who releases for the company, but portraying different characters, as the company does not have the rights to non-Doctor movie characters.
In October 2015, Big Finish announced two new Doctor Who ranges starring their first BBC Wales era Doctor and companion actors, with Doctor actors John Hurt and David Tennant and companion actor Catherine Tate reprising the roles they originated in the television series.
Connections with the current TV series Edit
The licensing contract Big Finish originally held with BBC Worldwide allowed the company to produce material from the "classic" era, giving them use of the first seven incarnations of the Doctor and all of their companions, as well as the character of the Eighth Doctor from the 1996 telemovie. Initially, the terms of their Doctor Who licence restricted any intellectual property from the 2005 revival, preventing them from producing any stories featuring the Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh or Twelfth Doctors, nor any related characters, even if they were no longer featured in the TV series.
Numerous Big Finish personnel and employees, including David Tennant, Georgia Moffett, Anthony Stewart Head, Nicholas Briggs, Gareth Roberts, Gary Russell, Mark Gatiss, Paul Cornell, Matt Jones and Robert Shearman, have gone to do work for Doctor Who, The Sarah Jane Adventures and Torchwood. Shearman's Dalek was directly based on his audio drama Jubilee.
Many, such as Briggs, were involved in the production of unlicenced audio productions (such as Audio Visuals), as well as "Who-alike" audio and video productions such as The Stranger. Briggs currently serves as producer for the Big Finish line of Doctor Who audio adventures, concurrent with his ongoing voice-over work on the BBC Wales series.
A number of actors from the BBC Wales TV series have worked with Big Finish after becoming known on TV, but playing characters other than their TV roles. Examples include Arthur Darvill and Noel Clarke.
In late 2012, Big Finish announced that it was partnering with AudioGO to produce a series of 11 audio dramas in 2013 to mark the 50th anniversary of the franchise, a series entitled Destiny of the Doctors. These were Big Finish's first productions involving the Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh Doctors. It featured actors from the revival series including Catherine Tate and Jenna Coleman as readers, and the Eleventh Doctor cameoed in each story. Due to AudioGo going into administration, The Time Machine, the final release featuring the Eleventh Doctor, and the accompanying series boxset, were released solely by Big Finish.
In later years, the BBC began to show varying degrees of leniency in terms of the breadth of licence. A number of stories contained allusions to the Time War, most notably Dark Eyes in 2012 and Gallifrey VI in 2013. For Gallifrey, Big Finish was granted special permission to use the revival series Daleks on the packaging, and, in the first story, featured an attempted Dalek invasion of an alternate Gallifrey. The "origin" story The Beginning, released in the same year, was altered before release to depict the TARDIS capsule seen in the television story The Name of the Doctor and to reference Clara Oswald. Additionally, Big Finish depicted an apparent future Doctor's TARDIS on the cover of Dominion with the exterior of the Eleventh Doctor's. However, many references in the past had been able to get around licensing restrictions through vagueness and implicature: the 2006 story The Kingmaker mentioned a "northern chap with big ears"; the 2010 story Klein's Story quoted from Time Crash, referencing the TARDIS console's leopard skin desktop theme," whilst another, City of Spires, quoting Rose, referenced the "assembled hordes of Ghengis Khan" and their attempt to enter the TARDIS. Later stories such as Luna Romana, along with numerous Gallifrey and The New Adventures of Bernice Summerfield releases more directly referenced an escalation in conflict on Gallifrey. Finally, the company's audio adaptation of the novel Damaged Goods directly referenced the Torchwood Institute and the Last Great Time War.
Around August 2014, (BFX: Extinction) it was revealed that the terms of their licence changed and that it was now extended to encompass a part of the "new series."  Big Finish announced that they would be producing stories featuring Winston Churchill, Strax, River Song, members of UNIT featured in the new series, and a new box set entitled "Classic Doctors, New Monsters", featuring new series aliens such as the Weeping Angels, Judoon and Sycorax, and the Sontarans of the Time War as encountered by the Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth Doctors. They also announced that they had gained the rights to produce audio dramas based on the spin-off series Torchwood.
In October 2015, Big Finish announced that John Hurt reprised his role as the War Doctor in a series of box sets set during the Time War, and a prequel starring Paul McGann as an older Eighth Doctor during the early stages of the War would also be released. The company followed this announcement with the revealing of a set of Tenth Doctor Adventures starring David Tennant and Catherine Tate scheduled for release the following year, marking the company's first true foray into "New Series" Doctor Who.
Adventures of the first three Doctors Edit
Alongside their full cast dramas, Big Finish launched a monthly series entitled The Companion Chronicles in 2007, featuring hour-long "enhanced audiobooks" narrated by former companions of the Doctor. The story's companion narrates the adventure, relating the events to the listener in-character, while approximately one other major role in the story is performed by another actor.
The series allowed Big Finish to produce stories involving the first three Doctors for the first time, despite their original actors being deceased, along with the Fourth Doctor, despite the fact that Tom Baker was currently unwilling to participate. As a result, all eight "classic series" Doctors were now been represented in some way within their range. Later releases featured stories from the perspective of a companion of the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Doctors. Companions such as Sara Kingdom and Liz Shaw, who did not get much screentime in the show, were given the opportunity to have much vaster development, in stories featuring the original actor. With the introduction of Tom Baker into Big Finish's cast, the last few series moved away from using the Fourth through Eighth Doctors and instead focused on the First through Third Doctors.
The series has also introduced spin-off characters, including UNIT members Matheson and Sato, portrayed by TV movie actors Daphne Ashbrook and Yee Jee Tso, whilst The Mahogany Murderers, reuniting detectives Jago and Litefoot from The Talons of Weng-Chiang, became a backdoor pilot for their own spin-off series.
Big Finish also began to incorporate the first three Doctors into their Lost Stories range, featuring larger casts including original companion actors, and using such actors to provide narration and lines for the Doctor.
At the conclusion of The Lost Stories and the monthly Companion Chronicles in 2013, Big Finish announced the launch of a new range entitled The Early Adventures starring the surviving members of the black and white era stories. Nicholas Briggs said (of the end of The Companion Chronicles), "It's always sad to say goodbye to something, especially if they are popular. But at Big Finish we feel we must always be moving forward, and finding new ways to tell exciting Doctor Who stories on audio."  Following this, the company announced a brand new range for the Third Doctor, which began with the boxset release The Third Doctor Adventures: Volume One.
Apart from stories featuring the Doctor, Big Finish has produced numerous spin-offs set within the Doctor Who universe.
- Bernice Summerfield – The continuing adventures of the Seventh Doctor's former companion.
- Class: The Audio Adventures – Stories featuring the team introduced in the television series of the same name.
- Cyberman - The struggles between humans, androids and the Cybermen in the 26th century.
- Counter-Measures – The further adventures of Ian Gilmore, Rachel Jensen and Allison Williams in the 1960s.
- Charlotte Pollard - The further adventures of the Eighth Doctor's former companion.
- Dalek Empire – Humanity's struggles against the Dalek Empire in the 42nd and 67th centuries.
- Doctor Who Unbound – Parallel universe stories in which fundamental concepts of the Doctor Who universe have been altered in various ways.
- Gallifrey – Power struggles and intrigue on Gallifrey involving Lady President Romana, Leela, K9, Irving Braxiatel and others.
- Graceless – The further adventures of Abby and Zara.
- Iris Wildthyme – The continuing adventures of Iris Wildthyme and Panda.
- I, Davros - Davros's rise to power, from childhood to the Creation of the Daleks.
- Jago & Litefoot – The further adventures of Henry Gordon Jago and George Litefoot in the 1890s.
- Jenny - The Doctor's Daughter - The further adventures of the Doctor's daughter.
- Lady Christina - The continuing adventures of Lady Christina de Souza.
- Torchwood – Stories featuring the team introduced in the television series of the same name.
- The War Master - Adventures of the Master prior to Utopia.
- The Churchill Years - Adventures of Winston Churchill and his encounters with The Doctor.
- The Diary of River Song - The many adventures of River Song and her encounters with the Doctor.
- The Lives of Captain Jack - Solo adventures of Captain Jack Harkness.
- Tales from New Earth - Adventures set in New Earth.
- Sarah Jane Smith – The further adventures of the Third and Fourth Doctors' former companion.
- UNIT – Stories featuring a contemporary UNIT team defending Earth.
Through much of the 2000s, Big Finish complemented its audio line with a series of short story collections entitled Short Trips, a continuation of a series established by BBC Books. Most volumes centred around particular themes, with most books containing at least one story for each of the first eight Doctors, as well as occasional stories focusing on other characters. After BBC Books retired its BBC Past Doctor Adventures novels at the end of 2005 in favour of focusing on the current Doctor, Big Finish's Short Trips became the only source for officially licensed fiction featuring the first eight Doctors.
In April 2009, Big Finish was forced to terminate its prolific Short Trips anthology series when the BBC did not renew its licence to publish Doctor Who-related prose. However, in February 2010, Big Finish announced that they had opted to continue producing the Short Trips range in the form of anthology audiobooks featuring brand new authors accompanied by prolific Big Finish writers. Big Finish also published prose fiction featuring characters such as Erimem, Bernice Summerfield and Iris Wildthyme. Non-fiction books related to its series have also been published, including select audio scripts and Bernice Summerfield - The Inside Story.
Other work Edit
Big Finish previously produced original audio dramas based on franchises such as Sapphire & Steel, Stargate SG-1, 2000 A.D., Highlander and The Tomorrow People, and continues to produce original audio dramas based on a number of other franchises including Dark Shadows, Blake's 7, Sherlock Holmes, The Avengers, Terry Nation's Survivors, The Omega Factor and The Prisoner. It has also produced wholly original comedy and sci-fi audio dramas.
The ranges and series published by Big Finish are presented in the chronological order of the first release in the following table:
- An empty polygon represents the start of a range or series; a filled polygon represents its end; years with releases in between are marked with filled circles.
- Only the first release of a story counts. Re-releases such as Cyberman: The Complete Series 1 and 2 are not represented in the table.
- Special and bonus stand-alone stories such as The Sixth Doctor: The Last Adventure are not represented in the table. Neither are subscriber specials released alongside another story.
- More generally, "collected" ranges that are created postfactum by collecting stories from other ranges featuring a particular Doctor are not represented in the table.
- "Bonus Releases" and "Special Releases", representing a mix of the previous two situations, are excluded too.
- Books are not represented in the table.
- Ranges are represented by white text on dark blue background; series within ranges use dark blue text on a light blue background. Ranges that are included in The New Series super range, such as The Diary of River Song, are represented as series.
- Bernice Summerfield range is broken into three subranges: Single Releases (1998–2010), Box Sets (2011–2013) and The New Adventures of Bernice Summerfield (2014–present). They are distinguished by vertical shifts and varying polygons used (including for the years in between).
- The symbol ✹ is used in Torchwood range to represent years that had regular releases, as well as special releases not represented in other rows. An example of such a special release is The Torchwood Archive. By contrast, Before the Fall is represented on the row of Torchwood One subrange.
- Series that are not presented as ranges on the Big Finish website, such as The Third Doctor Adventures are identified based on the combination of a recognisable name and designated consecutive production codes.
- ↑ Big Finish (March 23, 2014). Big Finish FAQ (From 2002). Big Finish. Retrieved on 2002.
- ↑ https://www.bigfinish.com/news/v/12-days-of-big-finishmas-10-20-years-of-bernice-summerfield
- ↑ Doctor Who: Licence Extended to 2025!. Big Finish Productions (6 May 2016). Retrieved on 8 May 2016.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 More New Series Doctor Who from Big Finish. Big Finish Productions (27 June 2015). Retrieved on 28 June 2015.
- ↑ http://www.bigfinish.com/news/v/doctor-who-the-war-doctor
- ↑ Doctor Who: The Tenth Doctor Adventures. Big Finish Productions (26 October 2015). Retrieved on 26 October 2015.
- ↑ Nicholas Briggs Facebook Q&A. Facebook (2 January 2018). Retrieved on 5 February 2018.
- ↑ Nicholas Briggs Facebook Q&A. Facebook (2 January 2018). Retrieved on 5 February 2018.
- ↑ Doctor Who: The Early Adventures Announced!. Big Finish Productions (8 February 2013). Retrieved on 28 June 2015.
- ↑ Short Trips Announcement. Big Finish - News (17/04/2009). Archived from the original on April 20 2009. Retrieved on 18th September 2012.
- ↑ The Return of Short Trips. Big Finish - News (10/02/2010). Archived from the original on March 30 2010. Retrieved on 18th September 2012.