- You may be looking for "Sentence of Death".
"Death sentence" and "death penalty" were common names for the capital punishment of execution — the state-sanctioned death of an individual for crimes of an especially grave nature, such as murder or treason. Sometimes, especially in Earth's past, or in places without clear governmental structures, it could be carried out against people for less profound crimes, or even for no substantive reason at all.
On Earth, it was a divisive issue. Some people, such as the Briton Professor Kettering, believed that the death penalty was a backwards conception of justice. (TV: The Mind of Evil) To the contrary, many Americans in Jacksonville, Kentucky on "Miracle Day" fully believed that the rapist and murderer Oswald Danes should not have been paroled after his death by lethal injection failed. (TV: The New World)
Indeed, there was a general divide between the British and American viewpoints on the issue. The death penalty was abolished in the United Kingdom at least by the late 20th century, whereas it was still an acceptable punishment in at least the state of Kentucky as late as the year 2011. (TV: The Mind of Evil, TV: The New World)
The death penalty was finally all but abolished by the humans at the very least by the 5th millennium, because of the belief that even the worst of criminals might change their way of thinking. (AUDIO: Davros)
In the 15th century, Ian Chesterton was framed for attacking the Aztec High Priest of Knowledge Autloc while finding a way back to the TARDIS. He escaped his imprisonment before he could be executed. (TV: "The Day of Darkness")
In the 16th century, the nine-day queen, Lady Jane Grey was quietly executed by the new queen, Mary I at the Tower of London, following months of Jane being locked up. (TV: Lost in Time, PROSE: The Nine-Day Queen) Later, following a performance of William Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Won in the Globe Theatre, Mary's sister, Elizabeth I. called for the Tenth Doctor's head, but the Doctor escaped in his TARDIS. (TV: The Shakespeare Code)
Following this, Guy Fawkes and his anti-parliament group were executed after they were caught trying to blow up the Houses of Parliament. (PROSE: The Plotters) After the Roundheads emerged victorious from the English Civil War, they beheaded King Charles I. (PROSE: The Roundheads)
It was applied at least until the presidency previous to the Fourth Doctor's one (TV: The Deadly Assassin) but, by the time of Borusa's presidency, capital punishment was said to had long been abolished. (TV: Arc of Infinity)
The death penalty on Gallifrey was sometimes effected through a "Warrant of Termination". One was served on the Fifth Doctor. In that instance, however, he wasn't threatened with death (through molecular dispersal) because of any actual wrongdoing, but because he had become controlled by a malevolent entity that posed a grave risk to the entire universe. (TV: Arc of Infinity)
There existed a far worse death penalty for Gallifreyans, and sometimes offworlders, which was the Oubliette of Eternity where you were not only killed but your whole life was removed from the Web of Time, and, unknown to the Time Lords, became Neverpeople. This was the prefered method of sentencing death by the Celestial Intervention Agency. (AUDIO: Neverland)
Death penalty was known to be used by the Raxacoricofallapatorians. The Slitheen family, for instance, were tried and sentenced to death in absentia. The Ninth Doctor, who had captured Blon Fel-Fotch in Cardiff and wanted to extradite her back to Raxacoricofallapatorius, was faced with the moral dilemma of whether he could become, in effect, her executioner. (TV: Boom Town) Later, in 2009, members of the Slitheen-Blathereen family apprehended two other Slitheen, teleporting them on board their ship to send to Raxacoricofallapatorius for execution. Other members of the Slitheen were said to have been "brought to justice". (TV: The Gift)
The Judoon H2O scooped Royal Hope Hospital off of the Earth and onto the Moon to execute Florence Finnegan, who had murdered the Child Princess of Padrivole Regency 9. While searching for Florence, they quickly tried a human for assaulting them, executing him on the spot. (TV: Smith and Jones)
As part of an agreement, the Master was sent to Skaro by the Time Lords and subsequently tried and executed by the Daleks, though he survived in the body of a Deathworm. (TV: Doctor Who, PROSE: The Eight Doctors) Similarly, the being known as the Wire evaded its physical execution by transferring its consciousness into electrical energy. (TV: The Idiot's Lantern) In certain cultures, such as the Daleks, leaders would punish the failure of their subordinates with execution. (TV: The Daleks' Master Plan, Planet of the Daleks)
Jack Harkness was once sentenced to death, but after consuming some hypervodkas as a last request, ended up in bed with both his executioners instead of being executed. He later compared his ship containing a German bomb about to explode with no chance of escape to this sentence. (TV: The Doctor Dances)
- It was never stated what planet Jack was sentenced on, nor which race the executioners were.
On board Skybase One, before Professor Jaeger interrupted him, the Marshal of Solos sentenced Stubbs and Cotton (for treason), Ky (for conspiracy, sabotage and terrorism) and Jo Grant (for unspecified crimes), to death by firing squad. (TV: The Mutants)