|Also known as:||Time Lord or in Latin, Dominus temporis|
|Affiliated with:||Pythia, Time Lords, Sisterhood of Karn|
|Place of origin:||Gallifrey|
|First seen in:||An Unearthly Child|
Gallifreyans were a humanoid species native to the planet Gallifrey. The powerful Time Lords arose from this species, and considered themselves to be the elite of Gallifreyan society. (PROSE: Interference - Book Two)
- See Gallifreyan history.
Appearance and biology
Gallifreyans were externally identical in appearance to humans, but had several biological differences internally.
Culture and society
There was always a Lord or Lady President of Gallifrey, with a council of other Time Lords, approving or vetoing decisions. An exception to this was when the Lord President (ignoring the Chancellor) broke two Laws of Time to bring the First, Second and Third Doctor together to solve the problem of the power/life force-drainage into Omega's black hole. (TV: The Three Doctors)
Gallifreyans and Time Lords
The term Gallifreyan was often used interchangeably with Time Lord, despite indications that not all Gallifreyans were members of the Time Lord society. (TV: The Invasion of Time et al.) The Gallifreyan species existed for aeons before the time of Rassilon and Omega, the founders of Time Lord society.
I.M. Foreman stated that Time Lords were a separate species due to Rassilon's intervention. (PROSE: Interference - Book One) The Eleventh Doctor and Vastra said that the Gallifreyans evolved into Time Lords via exposure to the Time Vortex and the Untempered Schism over billions of years. (TV: A Good Man Goes to War)
At one point in Gallifreyan history, members of Gallifreyan religious orders who were not Time Lords were nonetheless given certain rights: access to time travel, certain genetic privileges, and the right to observe High Council procedure. However, the High Council later disestablished the churches, monasteries and other religious orders, effectively abolishing these rights. (PROSE: Interference - Book Two)
Within the Capitol
- This reference may well indicate the presence of ordinary Gallifreyans, rather than just Time Lords, in the Capitol. In fact, it remains unclear whether particular groups, like the Chancellory Guard belong to the Time Lords or one of the common Gallifreyan classes.
Outsiders and outcasts
Living in the wild lands outside the Capitol, bands of Gallifreyans called Outsiders lived a primitive lifestyle, wearing fur skins and using weapons like bows, arrows and spears for hunting food. (TV: The Invasion of Time)
Non-Gallifreyan Time Lords
There were at least three, or perhaps four, non-Gallifreyan Time Lords. Although Jenny, the Doctor's biological "daughter", was created from his DNA on the planet Messaline and was therefore a Time Lord who did not originate on Gallifrey, she had the biological characteristics of a Gallifreyan, including two hearts and the ability to use bio-energy to revive herself from a bullet wound. (TV: The Doctor's Daughter)
Donna Noble, who was originally a human, was the second known 'anomalous' Time Lord, and the first to possess non-Gallifreyan DNA. She became a human/Time Lord hybrid after a metacrisis, but her human brain was unable to maintain the knowledge gained by this.
The third anomalous Time Lord, also produced during the metacrisis, was the Meta-Crisis Doctor. This "Doctor" was able to maintain the knowledge of the Doctor, but only had one heart and could not regenerate. (TV: Journey's End)
The fourth was River Song, a human with some Time Lord DNA due to having been conceived inside a TARDIS during flight through the Time Vortex in addition to some genetic engineering by the Silence. (TV: A Good Man Goes to War)