A guinea was a form of British currency.
Behind the scenes Edit
The exact nature of a guinea is never really discussed in the DWU. But if we were to adopt real world history, then we'd have to say that a guinea is both an actual coin and, since the early 19th century, slang for the typical value of that coin: 21 shillings. Guinea is thus a word that means "a little over a pound sterling".
The prop seen in The Crimson Horror doesn't match any known iteration of a guinea, but this makes some sense as guineas were long since out of circulation by the year in which Crimson was set. Still, it's unclear exactly what this coin is supposed to be, since pound coins — the closest coin to the value of a guinea — wouldn't show up for almost a century. Of course, the DWU is a vastly different place to the real world, and such contradictions with real life history shouldn't be read as "incorrect".