Jesus Christ was the central figure of Christianity. He was variously called other names by different groups, and so the First Doctor and his companions used whichever name seemed contextually appropriate when they once visited the 1st century. People including the anti-Roman, anti-Christian zealot, Matthew Basellas, referred to him as Jesus of Nazareth. The Roman, Gemellus, claimed he was originally known as Joshua-bar-Joseph.
Gemellus averred that Jesus lived during the time of the Caesars Augustus and Tiberius in the regions of Judaea and Syria. Furthermore, Gemellus maintained that he was a carpenter's son, a child prodigy, and "extremely handsome, charismatic and persuasive". He was able to amass great audiences when he spoke, and his lectures often attacked Judaism as inadequate to inform the rigours of daily life.
Eventually, betrayed by Jewish religious leaders who had become jealous of his abilities, he was nailed to a stauros, or cross, on Easter, (PROSE: Byzantium!) 33. (PROSE: The Spear of Destiny) In the 21st year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, the Pharisees, leaders of the Jewish community, influenced the Roman procurator of the area, Pontius Pilate, to have Jesus executed for heresy. (PROSE: Byzantium!) A Roman soldier named Longinus drove a lance into Jesus' side while Jesus was hanging at the cross. (PROSE: The Spear of Destiny)
Gemellus also knew of a story, of which he was no great believer, that Jesus' body, after death, had somehow vanished after its entombment. Christians, he said, believed that he had come back to life, resurrected by the Jewish God. (PROSE: Byzantium!)
- Main article: Christianity
Father Roberto once explained to the Eighth Doctor: "You've no idea how much damage the myth that the Holy Family were white has done to us, to our self-esteem, Doctor. For centuries, brown people - black, I believe they called themselves then - lived in the shadow of a white God. No matter how much they prayed, how penitent or good they were, being white was something they could never be. That kind of patronage does damage." (PROSE: Halflife)
The Tenth Doctor hinted to have been present at Jesus's birth (TV: Voyage of the Damned) and to remember what really happened at the first Easter. (TV: Planet of the Dead) The Eighth Doctor claimed to have attended the first Christmas in Bethlehem. (AUDIO: Relative Dimensions)
Christians from just after the time of Christ believed they were being systematically suppressed by the same combination of Jewish and Roman interests who had killed Jesus. The First Doctor once met a man named Daniel who insisted that the Jewish establishment in Jerusalem was conspiring to discredit Christianity. (PROSE: Byzantium!)
After the Eleventh Doctor helped capture the Atraxi's prisoner in 2008, he called the Atraxi back to Earth. The Atraxi displayed an image of the Corcovado statue, the iconic statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, when the Doctor asked, "Is this world a threat to the Atraxi?" (TV: The Eleventh Hour)