|The Hand of Fear|
|Novelised as:||Doctor Who and the Hand of Fear|
|Number of episodes:||4|
|Premiere broadcast:||2 October - 23 October 1976|
|Doctor Who television stories|
|The Masque of Mandragora||The Deadly Assassin|
The Hand of Fear was originally intended for the 1976 six-part slot that was taken by The Seeds of Doom. It was inspired by the 1946 film The Beast with Five Fingers. (DCOM: The Hand of Fear) There were several versions of the script. One saw the hand as an advance guard preparing the way for an alien army. Another fixed upon two "Omegans" - representing the "hawk and "dove" - working against humanity. There were plans for the Brigadier and Harry Sullivan to appear, with the former, much like in early drafts of Pyramids of Mars, bowing out from Who in a blaze of glory.
However, script editor Robert Holmes took issue with its complexity and commissioned another script to be the final story of Season 13, should this remain unresolved. Finally, in October 1975, The Hand of Fear was officially delayed and The Seeds of Doom was produced in its place.
After Elizabeth Sladen told the production team she wanted to leave early in the next season, Douglas Camfield was commissioned to write The Lost Legion, which would see Sarah killed at its conclusion. However, Holmes was unhappy with the script and, in a turn of fate, decided that The Hand of Fear might have to be used as a replacement. With UNIT and degenerating-humans removed from the plot, Bob Baker and Dave Martin produced a more linear story. Camfield fell behind on his own script and was discounted. Baker and Martin left the writing of Sarah's farewell scene to Holmes.
Director Lennie Mayne made his final contribution to Doctor Who. After finishing production on The Hand of Fear and an episode of Softly, Softly: Taskforce, he was drowned after a wave swept him overboard in the English Channel.
Permission to film at Oldbury Nuclear Power Station was obtained before the script was completed, so central was it to the story. Bob Baker found the staff very accommodating on his initial visit, such was their enthusiasm for the project. The radiation provided health and safety concerns, with geiger counter checks being performed on the cast and crew and Radiological Clearance Certificates having to be issued before any object could leave the premises. (DCOM/INFO: The Hand of Fear)
When the TARDIS lands in a quarry on Earth, the Doctor and Sarah are caught in a mining explosion. Sarah is found clutching what appears to be a fossilised hand, buried in one-hundred-fifty-million-year-old strata. Analysis shows the hand to be silicon-based and inert, but when Sarah begins to act as if possessed, the Doctor suspects that it may still be alive...
Part 1 Edit
Placed into a capsule and shot into space, Eldrad awaits obliteration. The capsule is detonated prematurely, despite the risk of particle survival. Conditions are deteriorating rapidly on Kastria. The remaining Kastrians await their fate on the desolate planet.
The Fourth Doctor and Sarah Jane Smith arrive in the TARDIS in a modern-day quarry on Earth and are caught immediately in a quarrying explosion. The Doctor is slightly injured. Sarah is found unconscious in the rubble, clutching a fossilised hand. She is taken to a local hospital.
The hand is examined. Based on the strata of the rock in which it was found, it is one hundred fifty million years old. Pathologist Dr Carter dismisses these findings as ridiculous. Examining a sliver of the hand under an electron microscope, the Doctor observes a helix similar to DNA. The minuscule radiation of the microscope causes the sample to grow. The Doctor realises that this fossil might actually contain vestiges of life.
Sarah awakens in her hospital bed, holding a crystalline ring that slipped from the hand. The ring begins to pulse with energy. Sarah hears a voice in her head: "Eldrad must live". She steals the hand and flees the hospital, knocking out Carter with a flash from the ring. She heads for the nearest nuclear reactor, the Nunton Complex. With the aid of the ring, Sarah overpowers guards and workmen and enters the reactor room. She watches as the hand absorbs radiation, regenerates its missing finger and begins to move.
Part 2 Edit
The head of the complex, Professor Watson, stays at his post when the reactor goes critical. He offers the Doctor aid and advice in trying to get to Sarah. She sits serenely amidst the chaos and klaxons. The Doctor resolves to enter the chamber through a cooling duct in Cooling systems control. His progress is interrupted by Dr Carter, now also under the hypnotic control of the ring. He tries to strike the Doctor while on a stairwell, but his own momentum carries him over the railing and he falls to his death.
The Doctor enters the chamber and finds there is no radiation whatsoever; the hand is absorbing the entire output of the reactor. Sarah is removed and the hand placed in a sealed cabinet. The Doctor breaks through Sarah's hypnosis.
The ring, however, is left behind in the chamber. It is found by a technician named Driscoll, who falls under its control. He takes the hand and makes his way to the reactor core. He uses the ring against the security personnel who attempt to stop him. The Doctor pursues and narrowly avoids becoming a victim. Driscoll enters the core and the reactor again nears critical.
Part 3 Edit
Watson orders an RAF strike to destroy the hand and the reactor, but the missiles' impact cause an 'unexplosion'; that and the full power of the reactor are enough to complete the full regeneration of Eldrad.
Crystalline, silicon-based and female, she tells the story of how she created the spatial barriers that let Kastria thrive, but in an interstellar war the barriers were destroyed and she was disgraced and condemned. Eldrad persuades the Doctor to return her to Kastria so she can save her people; he agrees on the condition that they travel to Kastria in the present, a hundred fifty million years after she left.
Immediately afterwards, Watson arrives and attempts to attack Eldrad, firing a gun at her with no effect. She immediately retaliates and means to kill him, but is persuaded otherwise by the Doctor. Leaving Watson to work on getting Nunton back to normal, the Doctor, Sarah and Eldrad return to the quarry where the TARDIS landed, and depart for Kastria.
The planet is barren and ruined, but her ring activates some instruments. Booby traps have been set long ago by Eldrad's rival, King Rokon, on the minuscule chance of her return. The Kastrian opens a door and triggers a trap. A syringe-like dart hits her.
Part 4 Edit
After she explains that the dart contained an acid of her own design, Doctor and Sarah take the dying Eldrad to a regenerator chamber deep below the surface of Kastria, in the thermal chambers. The regenerator chamber is rigged to destroy Eldrad, but a malfunction allows a full regeneration. The new form of Eldrad reveals he had based his earlier form on Sarah, the first human he encountered. Eldrad is now much taller and male. He boasts that he destroyed the solar barriers in a rivalry with King Rokon. They find Eldrad's ultimate goal, the Kastrian race bank, with which he intends to revive the dormant Kastrian people. The Bank, however, is empty.
An image of Rokon appears on a video screen, informing Eldrad that without the barriers, facing perpetual subterranean existence and a small possibility of his return, the Kastrian race elected to destroy themselves and the Race Bank. Rokon mockingly salutes Eldrad from the grave as "King of Nothing." A bitter Eldrad now decides to rule the Earth instead and demands that the Doctor return him. He refuses, stating that his obligation to Eldrad is now satisfied.
Eldrad pursues the Doctor and Sarah to an abyss. Tripping over the Doctor's scarf, which has been stretched out across the passageway by the Doctor and Sarah, Eldrad falls straight into the depths to his apparent doom. The Doctor drops Eldrad's ring into the abyss as well. He notes that Eldrad's fate is uncertain, as silicon-based lifeforms are difficult to kill.
The Doctor and Sarah depart in the TARDIS, and the Doctor sets about making repairs. Sarah bemoans her life in the TARDIS — bouncing around the universe, fleeing from bug-eyed monsters and needing a bath. The Doctor is focused on his work on the TARDIS console, which infuriates her. She demands to be returned home and storms off to her room to pack.
While she is gone, the Doctor receives a telepathic summons to return to Gallifrey and notes to himself that he cannot take Sarah with him. Sarah returns with her packed things and the Doctor informs her that he must return her to Earth, as he cannot take her with him to Gallifrey. With her idle threat suddenly becoming reality, Sarah is taken aback, especially at missing the chance to see Gallifrey.
The Doctor steers the TARDIS to bring her to Hillview Road, South Croydon — Sarah's home. She asks him not to forget her; he replies likewise. Once the TARDIS dematerialises, Sarah makes her exit noting that travel does indeed broaden the mind and The Doctor promises her that they will meet again.
After watching the TARDIS disappear to return the Doctor home, Sarah realises she hasn't been left on Hillview Road and guesses she's probably not even in South Croydon. She playfully remarks to a nearby dog, "He blew it", and, whistling, walks off toward her new life...
- Doctor Who - Tom Baker
- Sarah Jane Smith - Elisabeth Sladen
- Dr. Carter - Rex Robinson
- Intern - Renu Setna
- Abbott - David Purcell
- Zazzka - Roy Pattison
- King Rokon - Roy Skelton
- Guard - Robin Hargrave
- Professor Watson - Glyn Houston
- Driscoll - Roy Boyd
- Miss Jackson - Frances Pidgeon
- Elgin - John Cannon
- Eldrad - Judith Paris
- Kastrian Eldrad - Stephen Thorne
- Writers - Bob Baker and Dave Martin
- Assistant Floor Manager - Terry Winders
- Costumes - Barbara Lane
- Designer - Christine Ruscoe
- Fight Arranger - Max Faulkner
- Film Cameraman - Max Samett
- Film Editor - Christopher Rowlands
- Incidental Music - Dudley Simpson
- Make-Up - Judy Neame
- Producer - Philip Hinchcliffe
- Production Assistant - Marion McDougall
- Production Unit Manager - Chris D'Oyly-John
- Script Editor - Robert Holmes
- Special Sounds - Dick Mills
- Studio Lighting - Derek Slee
- Studio Sound - Brian Hiles
- Theme Arrangement - Delia Derbyshire
- Title Music - Ron Grainer
- Visual Effects - Colin Mapson
- Producer - Philip Hinchcliffe
- Director - Lennie Mayne
Cultural references from the real world Edit
- Dr Carter points out that Sarah's clothes make her look "just like Andy Pandy".
The Doctor Edit
- The Doctor brags about his own "superb sense of direction".
- Sarah mentions giving the Doctor's love to Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart and Harry Sullivan when she leaves the TARDIS. She also says she's going to tell Professor Watson that the Doctor is alright.
- Sarah Jane's home is Hill View Road, South Croydon.
- Among Sarah's personal belongings which she takes from the TARDIS are a plush owl, a pelargonium pot and the white vest she previously wore in The Masque of Mandragora.
- The Doctor is called back to Gallifrey and says he has to leave Sarah behind.
- Kastria was a cold and inhospitable planet, ravaged by the solar winds.
- The Doctor states he has been in places colder than Kastria.
- Eldrad has heard of the Time Lords, saying that they are pledged to uphold the laws of time and to prevent alien aggression.
- Eldrad says he built barriers to keep out the winds and machines to replenish the soil and atmosphere, and devised a crystalline, silicon-based form for the Kastrians.
- The entire Kastrian race committed self-genocide on the chance that Eldrad might return.
- Provided always opportune conditions (such as a source of radioactive energy), Kastrian can undergo a regeneration process, like the Time Lord.
Science and technology Edit
- Dr Carter administers an anti-tetanus serum to Sarah Jane.
- The Doctor borrows an electron microscope from the Virology laboratory in order to study the hand.
- The hand is found in a stratum of black stone dolomite, dating Jurassic (about 150000000 years before).
- Watson mentions the Atomic Energy Commission.
- Radiation is measured in roentgens.
- The extreme cold of Kastria might have affected the TARDIS' thermocouplings, which the Doctor tries to repair with an astro rectifier, a multi quantiscope and a Ganymede driver. He decides that he doesn't need the mergin nut or the Zeus plugs.
- The Doctor tells Eldrad that the interior of the TARDIS exists in a state of temporal grace.
- The Doctor warns Eldrad that if the coordinates to Kastria are mis-set, "symbolic resonance will occur in the trackor time crystal", making the travel impossible.
Time travel Edit
- According to the Doctor, bringing Eldrad back to its home time would contravene the first Law of Time.
- A nuclear missile strike is performed on a nuclear reactor. However, the resulting energy is absorbed by Eldrad, who uses it to reconstitute a full body.
Story notes Edit
- Supposedly, the working titles for this story were The Hand of Death and The Hand of Time. However, the production notes on the DVD release state that there were no working titles.
- In terms of 'seasons', Elisabeth Sladen was the longest serving companion with any Doctor, appearing for over three seasons and surpassing Katy Manning's record as Jo Grant. In terms of 'years', Janet Fielding holds the record for playing Tegan Jovanka for just under three years. Frazer Hines as companion Jamie McCrimmon holds the record for the longest serving companion in terms of the number of 'episodes' in which he appeared. These records do not take non-televised adventures into account, nor later "guest" reappearances.
- When Sladen expressed her intention to leave the series, Sarah was originally supposed to be killed off in a pseudo-historical story involving aliens and the Foreign Legion. However Douglas Camfield, who was supposed to write the scripts, was unable to do so. This was much to Sladen's relief, as she did not want Sarah to be killed or married off. Sladen also asked that Sarah's departure not be the main focus of the story, as she felt the programme was about the Doctor, not the companion.
- The nuclear power station was originally supposed to be the Nuton Power Complex of The Claws of Axos but was renamed the Nunton Experimental Complex instead. The real-life location was the Oldbury Nuclear Power Station in Gloucestershire.
- In the original script, Miss Jackson was a nameless man. Director Lennie Mayne built up the part, changed the gender and cast his wife, Frances Pidgeon.
- Eldrad's home was originally supposed to be the black hole of Omega 4.6. When Robert Holmes pointed out to Bob Baker and Dave Martin that the name Omega had already appeared in Doctor Who (in The Three Doctors; ironically this story was also written by Baker and Martin), they changed the name to Kastria.
- The original script for the story featured an ageing Brigadier Lethbridge Stewart, who had been moved from UNIT to the Extraterrestrial Xenological Intelligence Taskforce — EXIT for short — to study UFO activities. He was to sacrifice his life when he steered a commandeered experimental rocket into an Omegan kamikaze ship to prevent that ship from crashing into Earth. This plan did not go through as Nicholas Courtney was unavailable for filming. The original script also featured Harry Sullivan.
- Baker and Martin intentionally did not write Sarah's departure scene. The script for that scene was rewritten by Sladen and Tom Baker from Robert Holmes's original version.
- In the final scene, Sarah Jane whistles the tune, "Daddy Wouldn't Buy Me a Bow-Wow". Since Elisabeth Sladen was unable to whistle, director Lennie Mayne provided the whistling while she mimed to it.
- Elisabeth Sladen is credited as 'Sarah Jane' in Radio Times.
- Frances Pidgeon and Roy Boyd are uncredited on-screen for part three, but are credited in Radio Times.
- Dr Carter points out that Sarah's clothes make her look "just like Andy Pandy". Andy Pandy was a character from a 1950s British children's TV puppet show of the same name, who also wore a striped romper suit. (Andy Pandy's stripes were blue and white rather than red and white, but since the original Andy Pandy series was broadcast in black and white, few people would have known the colour of his stripes.)
- Elisabeth Sladen reprised the role of Sarah Jane Smith on television in K9 and Company, The Five Doctors and Dimensions in Time. With the 2005 return of Who, and following an appearance in School Reunion, Sladen became the star of the spin-off show The Sarah Jane Adventures.
- The fly that can be seen walking across Glyn Houston's brow in one scene was swallowed by Elisabeth Sladen in an outtake.
- This serial was repeated in May 2011 on BBC Four across two days as a tribute to Elisabeth Sladen after her death from cancer a month previously.
- After this episode, the Fourth Doctor will not have another companion from Earth until his final story, Logopolis, and only one (Leela) who would technically even count as being human.
- Part one - 10.5 million viewers
- Part two - 10.2 million viewers
- Part three - 11.1 million viewers
- Part four - 12 million viewers
- A real quarry explosion was filmed for the episode. Unfortunately, the crew badly underestimated the power of the explosion, and a rumour persisted for many years that a camera was totally destroyed in the blast. (In the DVD commentary it is made clear that this is just a fan myth. The camera was placed in a blast-proof box and although it was buried in the explosion, it was undamaged.)
- This episode establishes the rule that only Time Lords and Gallifreyans are allowed on Gallifrey. (The Doctor never said that, he might have decided he couldn't take Sarah Jane there because he felt she wouldn't be safe there. He's taken other companions, all of whom were neither Time Lord nor Gallifreyan there and there wasn't any mention of this rule.)
Filming locations Edit
- Cromhall Quarry, Cromhall, Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire (Quarry where the TARDIS arrives at the start of the story)
- Oldbury Nuclear Power Station, Oldbury Naite, Thornbury, Gloucestershire (Location of the 'Nunton Experimental Complex')
- Stokefield Close, Thornbury, Gloucestershire (Where Sarah is dropped off by the Doctor)
- Rickmansworth Road (A412), Croxley Green, Hertfordshire (This was reused stock footage of an ambulance)
Production errors Edit
- In part two, when the Doctor and Dr. Carter enter the Nunton complex's Control Centre, Glyn Houston (Professor Watson) accidentally fluffs his scripted line "We have a full scale emergency here" — delivering it instead as "We have a full emergency scale here".
- In part four, when Eldrad is ranting and raving following King Rokon's message, a camera can be seen in the dark doorway behind Sarah.
- When Eldrad is telling the Doctor about the race banks in part four, the shadow of a boom mike moves over the wall behind Sarah (and its reflection can be seen in the wall to her left).
- In part four, when the Doctor and Sarah are setting the trap for Eldrad, the Doctor bumps a large rock to his left, causing it to wobble noticeably.
- The parting words between Sarah and the Doctor were gentle admonishments to the other not to forget one another. When K9 Mark III revealed that he was a gift from the Doctor, Sarah Jane remarked, "Oh, Doctor, you didn't forget." (TV: A Girl's Best Friend) Their conversation was repeated nearly verbatim when she and the Tenth Doctor parted after her aborted wedding. (TV: The Wedding of Sarah Jane Smith)
- The summons to Gallifrey which the Doctor receives was actually sent by the Master. (TV: The Deadly Assassin)
- The Doctor's quip that Gallifrey "perhaps" is in Ireland is one he later repeats. (TV: The Invisible Enemy, Human Nature)
- Sarah expresses a desire to see Gallifrey. Her wish will be granted (after a fashion) when she is abducted to the Death Zone. Here, she is reunited with the Doctor - although initially with his third incarnation, at a point in his time when he had not yet parted company with her. (TV: The Five Doctors)
- Sarah later met the Doctor in his tenth and eleventh incarnations. She revealed to the former that he had actually left her in Aberdeen, not Croydon. (TV: School Reunion, Death of the Doctor)
- The Doctor had previously practised hypnosis on Sarah Jane Smith. (TV: Terror of the Zygons) The way he does so here - by putting his hands on the sides of her head - is similar to a method he uses again in his tenth incarnation. (TV: Fear Her, The Shakespeare Code)
Home video and audio releases Edit
DVD releases Edit
This story was released as Doctor Who: The Hand of Fear.
- Commentary by Tom Baker, Elisabeth Sladen, Judith Paris, Bob Baker and Philip Hinchcliffe.
- Changing Time - A 50-minute documentary, looking at the making of the story and the special relationship between the Doctor and Sarah.
- Swap Shop - Tom Baker and Elisabeth Sladen are interviewed by Noel Edmonds and callers on the Saturday morning children's show.
- Continuities - Rare surviving continuity announcements relating to the story.
- Photo Gallery
- Doctor Who annual 1977 (PDF DVD-ROM)
- Radio Times billings (PDF DVD-ROM)
- Production Information Subtitles
- Easter Egg - Clip of an interview with Elisabeth Sladen. To access this hidden feature, press left twice at 'Play All' on the main menu.
- Editing for the DVD release was completed by the Doctor Who Restoration Team.
- Mistakenly, the artwork of the Region 4 release states that the Tom Baker era lasted from 1974 to 1979
VHS Releases Edit
This story was released on VHS in February 1996, and was the final videocassette to include the diamond logo on the cover artwork in the United Kingdom and the US. It was available for only two weeks, being deleted along with much of the rest of the Doctor Who video range shortly after. The original videocassette thus became something of a collectors' item.
- The Hand of Fear at the BBC's official site
- The Hand of Fear at BroaDWcast
- The Hand of Fear at the Doctor Who Reference Guide
- The Hand of Fear at Shannon Sullivan's A Brief History of Time (Travel)
- The Hand of Fear at The Locations Guide